A comparison of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities among Bangladeshi modern high yielding and traditional rice varieties

Shanaz Parvin, Maarten Van Geel, Md Muntasir Ali, Tanzima Yeasmin, Bart Lievens, Olivier Honnay

    Research outputpeer-review


    Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) are ubiquitous soil microorganisms playing a vital role in the functioning of agricultural ecosystems. Although AMF are generally considered to have a low host specificity, it has been suggested that modern plant breeding has selected crop genotypes that are more selectively associated with AMF, possibly resulting in modern high yielding varieties (HYV) having a lower AMF diversity than traditional crop varieties. Whether this is true for paddy rice varieties under field conditions is not known so far. Here, we aimed at comparing differences of AMF communities among modern HYV and traditional rice varieties.
    We collected root and soil samples of five Bangladeshi rice varieties (two traditional and three modern HYV) from 40 different rice fields and quantified AMF richness, diversity and community composition through high throughput amplicon sequencing of the small subunit (SSU) of the ribosomal RNA cistron.
    Overall, 75 AMF OTUs, distributed over six AMF families with Glomeraceae as predominant family were found. After accounting for differences in soil conditions, we found that AMF diversity significantly differed among the five varieties and was higher in the traditional than modern varieties. The composition and structure of the AMF communities were distinct between the traditional and modern varieties. An indicator species analysis detected 9 OTUs significantly associated with traditional rice varieties, whereas no indicator OTUs were found for the modern HYV.
    We conclude that modern breeding coupled with high fertilizer application rates provide a plausible explanation for the reduced AMF diversity and the different AMF community composition between Bangladeshi modern HYV and traditional varieties.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-16
    Number of pages16
    JournalPlant and Soil
    StatePublished - 3 Feb 2021

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