A modelling study of the inter-diffusion layer formation in U-Mo/Al dispersion fuel plates at high power

Bei Ye, Gerard L. Hofmann, Ann Leenaers, Aurélien Bergeron, Vadim Kuzminov, Sven Van den Berghe, Yeon Soo Kim

Research outputpeer-review


Post irradiation examinations of full-size U-Mo/Al dispersion fuel plates fabricated with ZrN- or Sicoated U-Mo particles revealed that the reaction rate of irradiation-induced U-Mo-Al inter-diffusion, an important microstructural change impacting the performance of this type of fuel, transited at a threshold temperature/fission rate. The existing inter-diffusion layer (IL) growth correlation, which does not describe the transition behavior of IL growth, was modified by applying a temperature-dependent multiplication factor that transits around a threshold fission rate. In-pile irradiation data from four tests in the BR2 reactors, including FUTURE, E-FUTURE, SELEMIUM, and SELEMIUM-1a, were utilized to determine and validate the updated IL growth correlation. Irradiation behavior of the plates was simulated with the DART-2D computational code. The general agreement between the calculated and measured fuel meat swelling and constituent volume fractions as a function of fission density demonstrated the plausibility of the updated IL growth correlation. The simulation results also suggested the temperature dependence of the IL growth rate, similar to the temperature dependence of the intermixing rate in ion-irradiated bi-layer systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-203
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2018

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