A new radionuclide sorption database for benchmark cement accounting for geochemical evolution of cement

Lian Wang, Michael Ochs, Dirk Mallants, Ludovic Vielle-Petit, Evelien Martens, Diederik Jacques, Pierre De Cannière, John A. Berry, Bertrand Leterme

Research outputpeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

This chapter presents the data selection strategy and the selected sorption values on cement for 25 elements (Ag, Am, Be, C, Ca, Cl, Cs, H, I, Mo, Nb, Ni, Np, Pa, Pb, Pd, Pu, Ra, Sr, Se, Sn, Tc, Th, U, Zr) that need to be considered in safety assessment calculations for the future near-surface disposal facility at Dessel, Belgium. Mainly on the basis of literature data, best estimate sorption values in addition to upper and lower bound values were determined for a so-called benchmark cement" the unperturbed cement without effects of organics, high chloride content or other chemical components that might adversely impact radionuclide sorption. Effects of perturbing components are discussed separately. The geochemical evolution of the cementitious engineered barriers was also addressed to clarify the conditions under which sorption values are applicable. A substantial part of the scientific basis supporting the data selection was established at several meetings of an international panel of experts who reviewed and endorsed the data selection. To this end, the sorption data were checked for reliability, appropriateness for the conditions expected for the Dessel disposal facility, data quality, time frames (i.e. states of cement dégradation), heterogeneity (presence of components in conditioned wastes that could affect sorption), and completeness (in terms of mechanisms explaining the sorption processes).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCement-Based Materials for Nuclear Waste Storage
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages103-112
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781461434450
ISBN (Print)9781461434443
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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