ADRIANA project: Identification of research infrastructures for the SFR, within the frame of European industrial initiative for sustainable nuclear fission

Christian Latgé, Olivier Gastaldi, Ladislav Vala, Gunter Gerbeth, Christoph Homann, Philippe Benoit, Joelle Papin, Nathalie Girault, Ferry Roelofs, Imants E. Bucenieks, Elena Paffumi, Andrea Ciampichetti

    Research outputpeer-review

    2 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Fast neutron reactors have a large potential as sustainable energy source. In particular, Sodium Fast Reactors (SFR) with a closed fuel cycle and potential for minor actinide burning may allow minimization of volume and heat load of high level waste and provide improved use of natural resources (as compared to only 1% energy recovery in the current once-through fuel cycle, with Thermal Reactors, such as EPR). The coordinating action ADRIANA (ADvanced Reactor Initiative And Network Arrangement) has been initiated to set up a network dedicated to the construction and operation of research infrastructures in support of developments for the European Industrial Initiative for sustainable nuclear fission. The Project sets these objectives for the following reactor systems and related technologies: Sodium Fast Reactor (SFR), Lead Fast Reactor (LFR), Gas Fast Reactor (GFR, including very high temperature technologies), Instrumentation, diagnostics and experimental devices, Irradiation facilities and hot laboratories, Zero power reactors. Among the fast reactor systems, the sodium cooled reactor has the most comprehensive technological basis as result of the experience gained from worldwide operation of several experimental, prototype and commercial size reactors, since the forties (see Appendix I). This concept is currently considered as the reference, within the European strategy. Innovations are needed to further enhance safety, reduce capital cost and improve efficiency reliability and operability, making the Generation IV SFR an attractive option for electricity production. Currently, in France, a moderate (500 to 600 MWe) power demonstrator named ASTRID (Advanced Sodium Test Reactor for Industrial Demonstration) has been proposed and endorsed by EU. Presently, the reference configuration is a pool concept. General R&D needs have been identified and experimental facilities required to satisfy these needs have been listed for the following domains: material and coolant, thermal-hydraulics and safety, severe accidents, systems and components validation, instrumentation and Education and Training. Then, the contributors have detailed the different types of experimental facilities, existing as well as lacking facilities. A ranking procedure of the facilities has been carried out, then a list of priorities and a roadmap for investment has been established.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationInternational Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2012, ICAPP 2012
    PublisherAmerican Nuclear Society
    Pages509-520
    Number of pages12
    Volume1
    ISBN (Print)9781622762101
    StatePublished - 2012
    EventInternational Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2012, ICAPP 2012 - Chicago, IL
    Duration: 24 Jun 201228 Jun 2012

    Publication series

    NameInternational Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2012, ICAPP 2012
    PublisherAmerican Nuclear Society
    Volume1

    Conference

    ConferenceInternational Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2012, ICAPP 2012
    Abbreviated titleICAPP 2012
    Country/TerritoryUnited States
    CityChicago, IL
    Period2012-06-242012-06-28

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
    • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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