A transformation process in the solid solution period of the niobium oxygen reaction was investigated be electron microscopy and diffraction. In thin foils submitted to a heat treatment under reduced air pressure ordering of the introduced oxygen interstitials took place. This process could be followed in transmission. The transformation starts with a nucleation mechanism whereby small nuclei composed of small parallel domains in crystaIIographic directions are formed. These nuclei grow together to form a cross hatched pattern. Selected area diffraction reveals superlattice reflections of an ordered phase. The formation of irregularly shaped superlattice nuclei and an epitaxiallly grown suboxide phase is aIso described. It is supposed that all these phenomena represent a transient stage in the transformation to more stable suboxide and oxide phases of niobium.
|Number of pages||21|
|State||Published - Jul 1964|