Analysis of hypervelocity impacts: the tungsten case

Alberto Fraile, Prashant Dwivedi, Giovanni Bonny, Tomas Polcar

    Research outputpeer-review


    The atomistic mechanisms of damage initiation during high velocity (v up to 9 km s−1, kinetic energies up to 200 keV) impacts of W projectiles on a W surface have been investigated using parallel molecular-dynamics simulations involving large samples (up to 40 million atoms). Various aspects of the high velocity impacts, where the projectile and part of the target material undergo massive plastic deformation, breakup, melting, and vaporization, are analyzed. Different stages of the penetration process have been identified through a detailed examination of implantation, crater size and volume, sputtered atoms, and dislocations created by the impacts. The crater volume increases linearly with the kinetic energy for a given impactor; and the total dislocation length (TDL) increases with the kinetic energy but depends on the size of the impactor. We found that the TDL does not depend on the used interatomic potential. The results are rationalized based on the physical properties of bcc W.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number026034
    Number of pages13
    JournalNuclear Fusion
    StatePublished - 5 Jan 2022

    Cite this