In recent years great interest has been displayed, worldwide, for Accelerator Driven Sub critical reactors (ADS) to incinerate the minor actinides generated by the existing energy producing reactors. One of the major advantages of such ADS systems is that it can be operated with very high M.A content without jeopardizing the overall safety. This enhanced safety however prerequisites at all time a sufficient subcriticality margin. Reliable reactivity monitoring techniques are hence required to achieve this goal. The aim of this paper is to present the results obtained with a method which directly gives the ratio, for a sub critical assembly, between the reactivity ρ and the effective delayed neutron fraction βeff. By combining these results to those obtained with the kp-method for the prompt neutron multiplication coefficient, we have access to the parameters which govern the prompt and the slow kinetics of a sub critical assembly. These parameters can be obtained without reference to any calibration measurement in critical configuration. It opens the way to the control of larger sub critical demonstrators which are operating with fuels which cannot be used in critical reactor, and, thanks to sub criticality, which are characterized by a deterministic safety.
|Journal||Progress in Nuclear Energy|
|State||Published - Aug 2006|