Within the EUROTRANS project, a windowless spallation target is designed and assessed in which there is direct contact between the proton beamline vacuum from the accelerator and a lead-bismuth free surface flow. Windowless spallation targets, which are designed by SCK•CEN, based on their experience for the MYRRHA concept, are experimentally examined in a well instrumented water-loop at UCL. The design work and the experimental campaign are supported by numerical simulations which are performed at NRG. In the current paper, the application of a mild swirl in the windowless spallation target is assessed. For this purpose, SCK•CEN has designed and fabricate, a spallation target in which a controlled swirl is introduced in the annular feeder of the target nozzle. An experimental programme is performed at UCL in their water-loop to evaluate various swirl strengths in one specific target nozzle design. Prior to the experimental programme, numerical simulations were performed at NRG assessing the influence of various swirl strengths on the free surface behaviour. Experimental and numerical results show that a mild swirl stabilizes the free surface and also indicate that applying a stronger swirl leads to undesired free surface behaviour, ultimately leading to a strong vortex in the central downcomer.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 2008 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP '08)|
|Place of Publication||La Grange Park, Illinois, United States|
|State||Published - 8 Jun 2008|
|Event||2008 - ICAPP - International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants - Anaheim, California|
Duration: 8 Jun 2008 → 12 Jun 2008
|Conference||2008 - ICAPP - International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants|
|Period||2008-06-08 → 2008-06-12|