Arabidopsis thaliana Accessions from the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone Show Decreased Sensitivity to Additional Acute Irradiation

Mikhail Podlutskii , Darya Babina, Marina Podobed, Ekatarina Bondarenko, Sofia Bitarishvili, Yana Blinova, Ekaterina Shesterikova, Alexander Prazyan, Larisa Turchin, Dmitrii Garbaruk, M. Kudin, Gustavo Turqueto Duarte, Polina Volkova

    Research outputpeer-review


    Chronic ionising radiation exposure is a main consequence of radioactive pollution of the environment. The development of functional genomics approaches coupled with morphological and physiological studies allows new insights into plant adaptation to life under chronic irradiation. Using morphological, reproductive, physiological, and transcriptomic experiments, we evaluated the way in which Arabidopsis thaliana natural accessions from the Chernobyl exclusion zone recover from chronic low-dose and acute high-dose -irradiation of seeds. Plants from radioactively contaminated areas were characterized by lower germination efficiency, suppressed growth, decreased chlorophyll fluorescence, and phytohormonal changes. The transcriptomes of plants chronically exposed to lowdose radiation indicated the repression of mobile genetic elements and deregulation of genes related to abiotic stress tolerance. Furthermore, these chronically irradiated natural accessions showed higher tolerance to acute 150 Gy -irradiation of seeds, according to transcriptome and phytohormonal profiles. Overall, the lower sensitivity of the accessions from radioactively contaminated areas to acute high-dose irradiation may come at the cost of their growth performance under normal conditions
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number3142
    Pages (from-to)1-24
    Number of pages24
    Issue number22
    StatePublished - 17 Nov 2022

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