Atomic layer deposition of titanium nitride from TDMAT precursor

J. Musschoot, Q. Xie, D. Deduytsche, Sven Van den Berghe, R.L. Van Meirhaeghe, C. Detavernier

    Research outputpeer-review


    TiN was grown by atomic layer deposition (ALD) from tetrakis(dimethylamino)titanium (TDMAT). Both thermal and plasma enhanced processes were studied, with N-2 and NH3 as reactive gases. Using an optimized thermal ammonia based process, a growth rate of 0.06 nm/cycle and a resistivity of 53 . 10(3) mu Omega cm were achieved. With an optimized plasma enhanced NH3 process, a growth rate of 0.08 nm/cycle and a resistivity of 180 mu Omega cm could be obtained. X-ray photo electron spectroscopy (XPS) showed that the difference in resistivity correlates with the purity of the deposited films. The high resistivity of thermal AUD films is caused by oxygen (37%) and carbon (9%) contamination. For the film deposited with optimized plasma conditions, impurity levels below 6% could be achieved. The copper diffusion barrier properties of the TiN films were determined by in-situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) and were found to be as good as or better than those of films deposited with physical vapor deposition (PVD).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)72-77
    JournalMicroelectronic Engineering
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Jan 2009

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