Calibration of CFUL01 fission chambers in the standard neutron fields of the BR1 reactor at SCK CEN

Anatoly Kochetkov, Antonin Krása, Luc Borms, Edouard Malambu Mbala, Guido Vittiglio, Jan Wagemans, Jeroen Willems

Research outputpeer-review


Recent subcritical VENUS-F experiments showed that fission chambers with a threshold deposit like U-238 can essentially improve the on-line sub-criticality measurments with the beam interruption method, which is currently supposed to be the main method for the ADS MYRRHA. To suppress the uncertainty caused by fissions in the U-235 impurities, the fraction of U-235 in the U deposit should be accurately known. Three PHOTONIS CFUL01 type fission chambers with U-238 deposit were purchased for sub-critical experiments in the VENUS-F reactor. To verify the purity of their deposits, the effective U-235 masses were measured in the empty cavity of the BR1 reactor with a well-known thermal neutron spectrum. It turned out that the measured effective U-235 mass in two fission chambers is lower than the declared mass (as it should be), but this is not the case for the third fission chamber. Then, the effective U-238 mass in these FCs was measured in the well-known fast spectrum of the MARK-III convertor in the BR1 reactor. Finally, the isotopic composition was obtained and it was found that the purity of two CFUL01 FCs is in agreement with the values declared in the certificates but it is not the case for the third fission chamber. As the length of the deposit is bigger than the length of the MARK-III convertor, necessary corrections were calculated with MCNP. The developed procedure using the BR1 standard irradiation fields can be applied for calibration and impurity determination of large fission chambers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number04025
Pages (from-to)1-3
Number of pages3
JournalEPJ Web of Conferences
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2021
Event2021 - ANIMMA - Advancements in Nuclear Instrumentation Measurement Methods and their Applications - CLARION Congress Hotel Prague, Prague
Duration: 21 Jun 202125 Jun 2021
Conference number: 7

Cite this