We report a new type of peaklike structure observed in the tail of the dynamic structure factor of simple metals, measured by inelastic x-ray scattering. Based on the momentum-transfer dependence of the energy position and the intensity of this structure, it has been unambiguously attributed to intrinsic plasmon-plasmon excitations, an electronic correlation effect that was theoretically predicted by many-body perturbation theory of the homogeneous-electron-gas model beyond the random-phase approximation. This signature appears to be largely unaffected by electron-ion interaction effects. Thus a structure that is primarily caused by correlation effects in the electron gas has been found experimentally in the dynamic structure factor of simple metals.
|Journal||Physical review Letters|
|State||Published - Oct 2005|