In accordance with the Belgian “supercontainer design”, spent nuclear fuel (SNF) will be encapsulated in carbon steel canisters, surrounded by a concrete overpack for disposal in poorly-indurated clay. After re-saturation of the barriers by porewater, interactions with the concrete will result in solutions rich in NaOH, KOH and Ca(OH)2. Corrosion studies of SNF in ECW-type solution (Evolved Cement Water) and YCWCa-type solution (Young Cement Water with Ca) were performed under externally applied H2 overpressures over 426 days. Directly after H2 application, Tc concentrations decreased from >10-8 M to concentrations below detection limit. Based on the fractional release of selected fission products, low matrix dissolution rates of ~10-8/day were found in both experiments. U concentrations decreased finally to 1.5•10-9 M (YCWCa) and to 2.1•10-10 M (ECW), respectively. Am, Np and Pu concentrations were found throughout the experiments below their detection limits indicating an effective retention process.
|Name||MRS Symposium Proceedings|
|Conference||XXXV International Symposium "Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management”, MRS 2011|
|Period||2011-10-02 → 2011-10-07|