Coupled reactive transport model study of pore size effects on solubility during cement-bicarbonate water interaction

Research outputpeer-review


We investigate the interaction between Ca rich cementitious materials and bicarbonate rich clay pore water with the primary focus on pore size effect on the dissolution of the main hydration products, portlandite and calcium silicate hydrates (C-S-H), and the precipitation of the secondary mineral, calcite, in a coupled reactive transport modelling framework. The concept of pore-size dependent solubility is extended to reactive transport modelling within cementitious materials. For the two pore sizes 1e-6 and 1e-8 m considered here the effect of pore size on the solubility of portlandite, C-S-H and calcite is different, with portlandite and calcite less affected and C-S-H more affected due to a higher water/C-S-H interfacial tension. This difference leads to a different evolution of porosity at the interface of a cementitious material and bicarbonate-enriched pore water between systems with large or small pores. In systems with mixed large and small pores, if diffusion through large pores is much faster than through small pores, precipitation will only occur in large pores because the pore solution diffused into small pores has already become under-saturated with respect to calcite due to precipitation in large pores first. These results might also explain why cementation of porous rocks occurs preferentially in large pores relative to small pores observed in nature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)588-599
Number of pages12
Journalchemical geology
StatePublished - 5 Sep 2017

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