Decontamination processes and technologies in nuclear decommissioning projects

    Research outputpeer-review


    This chapter presents a brief overview of decontamination processes commonly used in nuclear decommissioning programmes as well as some emerging techniques, including the decontamination of metallic components and equipment, segmented metallic pieces and building surfaces mainly with regard to their reuse and recycling. A few decontamination processes for dose-reduction purposes are also described. Factors allowing the selection of the appropriate technology are listed and discussed. Specific examples from the decommissioning of the Belgian BR3 reactor are summarized. The lessons learned since decommissioning started in 1987, both early and more recent experience, are outlined as a basis for future applications of the decommissioning technologies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationNuclear Decommissioning: planning, execution and international experience
    Place of PublicationCambridge, United Kingdom
    PublisherWP - Woodhead Publishing
    Number of pages27
    ISBN (Print)9780857091154
    StatePublished - Feb 2012

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