Desorption of protium and deuterium from different types of titanium beds

Eusebiu Ionete, Kris Dylst, Gheorghe Costeanu, Ionut Spiridon, Bogdan Monea, Wouter Broeckx

Research outputpeer-review


When the long term tritium storage is intended, metal hydride materials, particularly the titanium (Ti) beds, seems to be the recommended option, due to its compliance with the criteria of selection (e.g. material cost, stability, storage capacity, loading and unloading conditions, or radioactivity). However few experimental and numerical analyses have been published so far to better support the understanding of the recovery capabilities for different forms of titanium beds. In this work, an investigation on the recovery of different hydrogen isotopes from two types of titanium (Ti) beds, namely Ti powder and Ti sponge, has been performed. Hydrogen isotope release was experimentally verified up to a temperature of 600 °C for both Ti powder and Ti sponge beds. The desorption percentages were determined to be from 24.98 to 20.54 in the case of D2 on Ti sponge, and from 34.36 to 29.77 in the case of H2 on Ti sponge. The paper describes in detail the experimental set up, the measurements and the drawn conclusions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-65
Number of pages5
Journalfusion engineering and design
StatePublished - 5 Feb 2017

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