Development of irradiation tolerant tungsten alloys for high temperature nuclear applications

Dmitry Terentyev, Petra Jenus, Elisa Sal, Aleksandr Zinovev, Chih-Cheng Chang, C. Garcia-Rosales, Matej Kocen, Sasa Novak, Wouter Van Renterghem

Research outputpeer-review


Development of refractory metals for application as plasma-facing armour material remains among priorities of fusion research programmes in Europe, China and Japan. Improving the resistance to high temperature recrystallization, enhancing material strength to sustain thermal fatigue cracking and tolerance to neutron irradiation are the key indicators used for the down selection of materials and manufacturing processes to be applied to deliver engineering materials. In this work we investigate the effect of neutron irradiation on mechanical properties and microstructure of several tungsten grades recently developed. Neutron irradiation campaign is arranged for screening purposes and therefore is limited to the fluence relevant for the ITER plasma facing components. At the same time, the neutron exposure covers a large span of irradiation temperatures from 600 up to 1000 ◦C. Four different grades are included in the study, namely: fine-grain tungsten strengthened by W-carbide (W–4wt.% W2C), fine-grain tungsten strengthened by Zr carbides (W–0.5% ZrC), W alloyed with 10 at.% chromium and 0.5 at.% yttrium (W–10Cr–0.5Y) and technologically pure W plate manufactured according to the ITER specification by Plansee (Austria). The strengthening by W2C and ZrC particles leads to an enhanced strength, moreover, the W–0.5ZrC material exhibits reduced DBTT (compared to ITER specification grade) and is available in the form of thick plate (i.e. high up-scaling potential). The W–10Cr–0.5Y grade is included as the material offering the self-passivation protection against the high temperature oxidation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number086035
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number8
StatePublished - 27 Jun 2022

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