Differentiation between chemo- and radiotoxicity of 137Cs and 60Co on Lemna minor

Research outputpeer-review


The uptake and effects of stable Cs and Co on L. minor were extensively studied, together with the effects of gamma radiation using a 137Cs or 60Co source. Innovative is that we combined external irradiation (from 137Cs or 60Co sources) with the direct uptake of certain amounts of stable Cs or Co to simulate the impact of the same mass of a radioisotope compared with that of the stable element. Such approach allows to differentiate between chemo- and radiotoxicity of 137Cs or 60Co, permitting to study the 137Cs and 60Co uptake by L. minor without using high concentrations of these elements in solution. Our results indicate that radiotoxicity of both 137Cs and 60Co has a greater importance compared to their chemotoxicity. This was also supported by the independent action and concentration addition concepts. Both concepts resulted in a good prediction of the dose-response curve of the combination exposure. The maximal removal of 137Cs or 60Co per gram dry matter of L. minor was lower compared with the removal of the corresponding stable isotope. The toxicity of 60Co was higher compared to 137Cs based on EC50 values and uptake data. With respect to the effects on photosynthetic pigments, starch and soluble sugars contents, only starch increased in a concentration- and dose-dependent manner.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107351
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of environmental radioactivity
StatePublished - Feb 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Environmental Chemistry

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