Early-life X-ray exposure: at risk for premature aging and neurodegeneration?

Manon Coone, Emma Coninx, Mieke Verslegers

    Research output

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    Abstract

    Severe cognitive disorders can arise in brain tumour survivors due to cranial radiotherapy at a young age. Often this decline can be linked to hippocampal damage, which is especially important for memory and learning. In the past, it has been suggested that processes in radiation-induced cognitive deficits resemble ageing processes and represent an increased risk for the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this thesis, both the short and long-term effects of radiation during a critical period of brain development were studied using a transgenic Alzheimer mouse model (3xTg), of which the phenotype resembles the human Alzheimer pathology. Ten days old mice were irradiated with 1.8 Gy and analyses for radiation-induced changes in the hippocampus were performed 1 and 24 hours after irradiation with X-rays, as well as at the age of 3 and 6 months. Despite an unchanged general health and global brain weight resulting from irradiation, we were able to identify specific defects in the hippocampus. More specifically, increased DNA damage could be observed 1 hour after irradiation. Furthermore, a persistent decrease in proliferating cells and changes in the number of stem cells in the hippocampal dentate gyrus at 3 and 6 months of age were observed. In addition, a radiation-induced increase in tau phosphorylation, an Alzheimer's characteristic, was observed at 6 months of age. In summary, our findings support the hypothesis that irradiation of the radiation-sensitive developing brain may negatively affectprocesses related to ageing and AD.
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationMaster of Science
    Awarding Institution
    • KU Leuven
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • Moons, Lieve, Supervisor, External person
    • Coninx, Emma, Supervisor
    • Verslegers, Mieke, Supervisor
    Publisher
    StatePublished - 29 Jun 2018

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