Early stages of liquid-metal corrosion on pre-oxidized surfaces of austenitic stainless steel 316L exposed to static Pb-Bi eutectic at 400 °C

Eloa Lopes Maia, Serguei Gavrilov, Valentyn Tsisar, Kitty Baert, Iris De Graeve

    Research outputpeer-review


    The effect of pre-oxidation in air at 300–500 °C on the initiation and development of liquid metal corrosion attack on 316L austenitic steel in static lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) with ∼10−10 – 10−9 mass% dissolved oxygen at 400 °C for 1200 h is investigated. General dissolution with preferential attack along twin boundaries was observed on polished surfaces with native oxide films. Fe/Cr-based oxide films pre-formed in air at 300 and 400 °C protect surfaces against dissolution. Localized corrosion was observed on surfaces pre-oxidized at 500 °C. Thermal oxide degradation rate depends on its composition rather than thickness.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number111680
    Number of pages13
    JournalCorrosion Science
    StatePublished - Feb 2024

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Chemical Engineering
    • General Chemistry
    • General Materials Science

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