Effect of Chloride on the SCC Behavior of Carbon Steel Welds Exposed to Concrete Pore Water Under Anoxic Conditions

Bruno Kursten, Roberto Gaggiano

Research outputpeer-review


The supercontainer is the current reference concept for the geological disposal of vitrified high-level radioactive waste and spent fuel in Belgium. It comprises a prefabricated concrete buffer that completely surrounds a carbon steel overpack. Welding is being considered as a final closure technique of the carbon steel overpack in order to ensure its water tightness. Welding is known to induce residual stresses in the weld zone and its vicinity, which may lead to an increased susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking (SCC). In this study, slow strain rate tests (SSRT) were conducted to study the SCC behavior of plain and welded UNS K02700 grade carbon steel exposed to an artificial concrete pore water solution that is representative for the supercontainer concrete buffer environment. The tests were performed at 140 °C, at a constant strain rate of 5×10−7 s−1 and at open circuit potential under anoxic conditions. The effect of chloride on the SCC behavior was investigated up to levels of ∼1 M Cl− (35,000 mg·L−1).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAMPP Annual Conference + Expo
PublisherAMPP - Association for Materials Protection and Performance
Number of pages15
StatePublished - 19 Mar 2023
Event2023 - AMPP
: Annual Conference & Expo
- Colorado Convention Center, Denver
Duration: 19 Mar 202323 Mar 2023


Conference2023 - AMPP
Country/TerritoryUnited States

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