The biological responses induced by low-dose chronic gamma exposure of hydroponically grown Arabidopsis thaliana, irradiated during a full life cycle (seed to seed) were investigated. Applied dose rates were 2300, 375 and 85 Gray h−1. Plants (roots and shoots) were harvested after 24 day (inflorescence emergence), at 34 days (∼50% of flowers open) and at 54 days (silice ripening). Gamma exposure significantly reduced root weight compared to the control but no clear effect of dose rate level on root dry weight was observed. Leaf weight was significantly reduced at the highest irradiation level, only after 54 days exposure. ED-10 was estimated at 10 Gy h−1. Seed germination was not affected by gamma irradiation. For several of the stress enzymes studied enzyme capacity was generally stimulated at the low and intermediate gamma irradiation level compared to the control and highest irradiation level. No pattern was observed in concentration or reduction state of the non-enzymatic antioxidants, ascorbate and glutathione. Lipid peroxidation products in leaves were present highest at full flowering and decreased with exposure level at this growth stage. At the other two growth stages, lipid peroxidation products were unaffected by gamma treatment.