Effect of neutron irradiation to 0.7 dpa and 1.4 dpa on the tensile properties and fracture surface of EUROFER97 steel

Research outputpeer-review


Several grades of reduced-activation ferritic-martensitic (RAFM) steels have been proposed for fusion applications (e.g., blanket first wall) since the 1990s all over the world. Four batches of the European reference RAFM steel EUROFER97 have been produced since 1998. The RCC-MRx design code, developed for applications including fusion reactors, currently contains a provisional section dedicated to EUROFER97, encompassing properties of the first two batches, whereas a minimum of three batches are required for a full qualification and final inclusion of a material into RCC-MRx. The EUROfusion project coordinates efforts to broaden the knowledge of EUROFER97 properties relevant for fusion reactors ITER and DEMO, preparing them for closing the database gaps in RCC-MRx, and adding them in the DEMO material property handbook (MPH). Its purpose is to provide average and minimum curves of required properties according to the DEMO engineering design and manufacturing needs. The present work reports for the first time tensile properties and fractographic analysis of neutron-irradiated EUROFER97 Batch 4. The measured strength and ductility are in line with the data already contained in the MPH. SEM investigation confirms that dimple fracture is retained in the material in the temperature range 25–550 °C after neutron irradiation up to 1.4 dpa.

Original languageEnglish
Article number154742
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
StatePublished - 15 Dec 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • General Materials Science
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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