Effects of Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor on Endothelial Cells Under Conditions of Simulated Microgravity

Claudia Ulbrich, Kriss Westphal, Sarah Baatout, Markus Wehland, Johann Bauer, Burkhard Flick, Manfred Infanger, Reinhold Kreutz, Sonia Vadrucci, Marcel Egli, Augusto Cogoli, Hanane Derradji, Jessica Pietsch, Martin Paul, Daniela Grimm, Paul Jacquet

    Research outputpeer-review


    Fibroblast growth factors interact with appropriate endothelial cell (EC) surface receptors and initiate intracellular signal cascades, which participate in modulating blood vessel growth. EC, upon exposure to basic fibroblast growth factors undergo profound functional alterations, which depend on their actual sensitivity and involve gene expression and de novo protein synthesis. We investigated the effects of bFGF on signaling pathways of EA.hy926 cells in different environments. EC were cultured under normal gravity (1 g) and simulated microgravity (mg) using a threedimensional (3D) clinostat. Microgravity induced early and late apoptosis, extracellular matrix proteins, endothelin-1 (ET-1) and TGF-b1 expression. Microgravity reduced eNOS mRNA within 24 h. Moreover, a six- to eightfold higher amount of IL-6 and IL-8 was secreted within 24 h mg. In addition, microgravity induced a duplication of NF-kappaB p50, while p65 was quadrupled. At 1 g, bFGF application (4 h) reduced ET-1, TGF-b1 and eNOS gene expression. After 24 h, bFGF enhanced fibronectin, VEGF, Flk-1, Flt-1, the release of IL-6, IL-8, and TGF-b1. In conclusion, in microgravity, bFGF contributes to protect the EC from apoptosis.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1324-1341
    JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - May 2008

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