Entering a New Era of Holistic Research in Establishing Groundwork for Future Human Space Exploration: Perspectives from the ESA-Topical Team “Stress and Immunity”

Alexander Choukèr, Sarah Baatout, Patrizia Campolongo, Jean-Pol Frippiat, Jay Gopalakrishnan, Ines Kaufmann, Nicola Montano, Siegfried Praun, Dominique de Quervain, Benno Roozendaal, Gustav Schelling, Manfred Thiel, Detlef Thieme, Antoine Viola, Judith-Irina Buchheim, Alex P. Salam, Anne Guo

Research outputpeer-review


We are currently entering a new era of manned space flight, which will expand human presence to the moon and Mars as outlined in the roadmaps of the International Space Exploration Coordination Group (ISECG, www.globalspaceexploration.org). This roadmap builds on the vision for “a coordinated human and robotic exploration of our solar system” within this century, and envisions permanent human colonization on the Moon and on our neighboring planet. This goal set by the established and emerging space countries and agencies, as well as by private entrepreneurs, has further fueled the pace and created impact in this new “race to space” to moon again and to Mars, following the first era in exploring the Earth orbit and the landing on the Moon in the past century. These new strategies mandate that we also need to enter a new era of holistic research to better understand human beings subjected to extreme environments for longer periods of time.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStress Challenges and Immunity in Space
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Mechanisms to Monitoring and Preventive Strategies
EditorsAlexander Choukèr
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-16996-1
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-16995-4
StatePublished - 10 Jan 2020

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