Excitation energy dependence of fragment-mass distributions from fission of 180,190Hg formed in fusion reactions of 36Ar + 144,154Sm

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    Mass distributions of fission fragments from the compound nuclei 180Hg and 190Hg formed in fusion reactions 36Ar +144Sm and 36Ar +154Sm, respectively, were measured at initial excitation energies of E∗(180Hg) =33–66MeVand E∗(190Hg) =48–71MeV. In the fission of 180Hg, the mass spectra were well reproduced by assuming only an asymmetric-mass division, with most probable light and heavy fragment masses AL/AH=79/101. The mass asymmetry for 180Hg agrees well with that obtained in the low-energy β+/EC-delayed fission of 180Tl, from our earlier ISOLDE(CERN) experiment. Fission of 190Hg is found to proceed in a similar way, delivering the mass asymmetry of AL/AH=83/107, throughout the measured excitation energy range. The persistence as a function of excitation energy of the mass-asymmetric fission for both proton-rich Hg isotopes gives strong evidence for the survival of microscopic effects up to effective excitation energies of compound nuclei as high as 40MeV. This behavior is different from fission of actinide nuclei and heavier mercury isotope 198Hg.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)89-94
    JournalPhysics Letters B
    Issue number9
    StatePublished - 30 Jun 2015

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