Experimental analysis of natural convection in a differentially heated cavity

Tommaso Carlesi, Delphine Laboureur , Philippe Planquart, Julio Pacio, Katrien Van Tichelen, Patrice Mégret

    Research outputpeer-review


    Turbulent heat fluxes (THFs) estimation is of paramount importance in the determination of heat transfer in fluids. Numerical models for low Prandtl number fluids are still unreliable and their experimental evaluation is a challenging task since it requires simultaneous measurement of fast velocity and temperature fluctuations. In nuclear applications, a better understanding of THFs in liquid metals could lead to more precise predictions of the primary coolant temperature for the evaluation of nominal operation (forced convection regime) and accidental conditions (mixed and/or natural convection regime). The first part of this work focuses on the selection of the measurement techniques suitable for water, GaInSn and LBE and the thorough literature review required. Tests in different setups led to the choice of sheathed type K thermocouples and fiber Bragg gratings for temperature measurements and Ultrasound Doppler Velocimetry and Hot Wire Anemometry for velocity measurements. The comparison carried out among the different techniques underlines advantages and limitations of each of them. Calibration of each technique is performed and cross-effects of temperature and velocity are evaluated. Uncertainty analyses are also carried out. To conclude, first results obtained in a differentially heated cavity made of stainless steel 316L with an edge of 60 mm are presented. DNS numerical simulations are performed to know the ranges of the quantities to be measured and to have results available for comparison with experiments
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number05002
    Number of pages8
    JournalEPJ Web of Conferences
    StatePublished - 21 Nov 2023
    Event2023 - ANIMMA: 8th International Conference on Advancements in Nuclear Instrumentation Measurement Methods and their Applications - Real collegio, lUCCA
    Duration: 12 Jun 202316 Jun 2023

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Engineering

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