Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect

Francis Berghmans, Marcin Szpulak, Gabriela Statkiewicz, Jacek Olszewski, Tadeusz Martynkien, Waclaw Urbanczyk, Jan Wojcik, Mariusz Makara, Jacek Klimek, Tomasz Nasilowski, Hugo Thienpont, Marco Van Uffelen, Pierre D'hondt

    Research outputpeer-review


    We have manufactured and charaterized a birefringent holey fiber of a new construction. The birefringence in this fiber is induced by the highly elliptical shape of the core, which consists of a triple defect in a hexagonal structure. Using a hybrid edge-nodal finite-element method, we calculated the spectral dependence of phase and group modal birefringence for spatial modes E11 and E21 in idealized and in real fiber, whose geometry we determined by using a scanning-electron microscope. Results of our calculations show that technological imperfections significantly affect the fiber's birefringence.Normalized cutoff wavelengths for higher-order modes relative to the filling factor were also determined for the idealized structure. We observed a significant disagreement between theoretical and experimental values of cutoff wavelengths, which was attributed to high confinement losses near the cutoff condition. We also measured the spectral dependence of the phase and the group modal birefringence for spatial modes E11 and E21. The measured parameters showed good agreement with the results of modeling.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2652-2658
    JournalApplied Optics
    Issue number13
    StatePublished - 1 May 2005

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