Extended MSM method to estimate the reactivity of a sub-critical core driven by an accelerator based neutron source

Annick Billebaud, Jean-Luc Lecouey, T. Chevret, S. Chabod, Xavier Doligez, Anatoly Kochetkov, Antonin Krása, F.-R. Lecolley, Gregory Lehaut, Nathalie Marie, Nadia Messaoudi, Wim Uyttenhove, Guido Vittiglio, Jan Wagemans, Vicente Bécares, David Villamarin, Frédéric Mellier

Research outputpeer-review


The Modified Source Multiplication method is used to determine an unknown reactivity level of a reactor from a known one if one has access to the detector counting for both levels when the reactor is fed by a constant neutron source like an Am-Be source. When available, an accelerator driven source, in continuous mode, can be useful as its intensity can be tunable and then adapted to the experimental conditions. However, in that case, the MSM technique must be extended to account for an external source whose intensity, energy and angular distributions can vary from one measurement to another. In this paper, this Modified Multi-Source Multiplication (MMSM) method is applied to measurements done during the FREYA project in the GUINEVERE facility, operated with the GENEPI-3C accelerator providing a mixture of (D,T) and (D,D) neutrons. The monitoring of these sources through the detection of the associated charged particles allows the calculation of the MMSM factors and the estimate of the reactivity values. The results are compared in different configurations with the reactivity obtained with an Am-Be source or in dynamic measurements performed with GENEPI-3C. Their excellent agreement shows the possibility of using such accelerator-based neutron sources for MSM measurements when they are correctly monitored. This is of great interest for deep sub-critical level characterization for which detector count rates per source neutrons might be low.
Original languageEnglish
Article number08005
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalEPJ Web of Conferences
StatePublished - 22 Feb 2021
Event2020 - PHYSOR: Transition to a scalable nuclear future - University of Cambridge, Cambridge
Duration: 29 Mar 20203 Apr 2020

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