This data article provides high spatial resolution (1 cm) datasets and related figures of the penetrometer resistance (PR) and soil bulk density (BD) data of nine agricultural 50 × 160 cm soil profiles exposed to three tillage treatments and including a wheel track. Soil treatments are moldboard plowing (MP), deep loosening (DL), and minimum tillage (MT). It also provides bulk density data, soil moisture content at various suctions and the parameters of van Genuchten's model for 27 soil cores, and saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) of 49 soil cores. Both sample sets were sampled to cover the profile heterogeneity in two agricultural plots subjected to moldboard plowing and minimum tillage. Examples of reuse potential include (i) the use of these spatially explicit data in studies seeking to understand better and integrate the effect of treatment and machine traffic-induced soil structure in soil hydraulic and soil physical quality, and (ii) the development of pedotransfer functions with data incorporating the soil structural heterogeneity. This Data in Brief article complements the companion paper by Alonso et al. (2021) “A hybrid method for characterizing tillage-induced soil physical quality at the profile scale with fine spatial detail” in Soil and Tillage Research .
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