First fusion proton measurements in TEXTOR plasmas using activation technique

G. Bonheure, J. Mlynar, G. Van Wassenhove, M. Hult, R. González De Orduña, G. Lutter, P. Vermaercke, Alexander F. Huber, B. Schweer, G. Esser, W. Biel

Research outputpeer-review


MeV particle loss measurements from fusion plasmas, in particular alpha particles, remain difficult in large fusion devices and further RD is needed for ITER. This paper describes the first attempt to measure 3 MeV escaping fusion protons emitted from TEXTOR tokamak plasmas using activation technique. This technique was successfully demonstrated, initially, in 2006 on the JET tokamak. An ion camera equipped with a collimator and several types of activation detectors was installed inside the TEXTOR vacuum vessel to perform these measurements. After irradiation, the detectors were analyzed using ultra low level gamma-ray spectrometry at the HADES underground laboratory. 3 MeV escaping fusion protons were detected in larger number -∼6 times more - compared to earlier measurements using this technique on JET. Another major progress was the reduction of the cooling time by a factor of 50, which made possible to detect radionuclides with half-life of less than 90 min.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10D318
Number of pages3
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

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