High Content Analysis of Human Fibroblast Cell Cultures after Exposure to Space Radiation

Birger Dieriks, Winnok De Vos, Geert Meesen, Kaat Van Oostveldt, Tim De Meyer, Myriam Ghardi, Sarah Baatout, Patrick Van Oostveldt

    Research outputpeer-review


    Space travel imposes risks to human health, in large part by the increased radiation levels compared to those on Earth. To understand the effects of space radiation on humans, it is important to determine the underlying cellular mechanisms. While general dosimetry describes average radiation levels accurately, it says little about the actual physiological impact and does not provide biological information about individual cellular events. In addition, there is no information about the nature and magnitude of a systemic response through extra- and intercellular communication. To assess the stress response in human fibroblasts that were sent into space with the Foton-M3 mission, we have developed a pluralistic setup to measure DNA damage and inflammation response by combining global and local dosimetry, image cytometry and multiplex array technology, thereby maximizing the scientific output. We were able to demonstrate a significant increase in DNA double-strand breaks, determined by a twofold increase of the c-H2AX signal at the level of the single cell and a threefold up-regulation of the soluble signal proteins CCL5, IL-6, IL-8, b-2 microglobulin and EN-RAGE, which are key players in the process of inflammation, in the growth medium.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)423-436
    JournalRadiation Research
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - 25 May 2009

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