The interaction of discrete breathers with the primary lattice defects in transition metals such as vacancy, dislocation, and surface is analyzed on the example of bcc iron employing atomistic simulations. Scattering of discrete breathers on the lattice defects induces localized atomic excitations, with intensity and relaxation time depending on the defect structure and breather kinetic energy. The dissipation of the intrinsic breather energy due to the scattering is computed and analyzed. It is concluded that the breather-to-defect energy transfer may stipulate the activation of the lattice defects causing unexpected athermal effects such as enhanced mass transfer or electroplasticity, already experimentally reported but so far not fully understood at the atomic-scale level.
|Journal||Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering|
|State||Published - 20 Oct 2015|