Getting light out of silicon is a difficult task since the bulk silicon has an indirect energy electronic band gap structure. It is expected that this problem can be circumvented by silicon nanostructuring, since the quantum confinement effect may cause the increase of the silicon band gap and shift the photoluminescence into the visible energy range. The increase in resulting structural disorder also causes the phonon confinement effect, which can be analyzed with a Raman spectroscopy. The large phonon softening and broadening, observed in silicon nanowires, are compared with calculated spectra obtained by taking into account the anharmonicity, which is incorporated through the three and four phonon decay processes into Raman scattering cross-section. This analysis clearly shows that the strong shift and broadening of the Raman peak are dominated by the anharmonic effects originating from the laser heating, while confinement plays a secondary role.
|Journal||Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures|
|State||Published - May 2007|
|Event||European Material Society - Nice|
Duration: 2 Jun 2006 → 7 Jun 2006