Kinetics of electrochemical Eu3+ to Eu2+ reduction in aqueous media

Research outputpeer-review


All lanthanides have a stable trivalent oxidation state, but some of them can also occur in the divalent or tetravalent state. Europium is well-known for its divalent oxidation state, which has been investigated in aqueous, organic, and molten salt media. In contrast to other lanthanides, Eu3+ can be easily reduced (Eo=−0.34 V vs. SHE) via chemical, electrochemical or photochemical routes, and Eu2+ is quite stable in a variety of electrolytes, including nitrate salts. To date, the kinetics of the Eu3+/Eu2+ reduction reaction has been investigated only by polarography and chronopotentiometry, most often in perchlorate medium. In this study, the kinetics of the Eu3+/Eu2+ couple were analysed in nitrate, chloride and perchlorate media by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry with a rotating disk electrode (RDE). The diffusion coefficient, charge transfer coefficient and rate constants were calculated based on the Levich and Koutecký-Levich analysis and Tafel plot to gain insight in the electrochemical process and the influence of the electrolyte type on it. Given the pre-existing characterization of this redox couple in perchlorate medium, it is selected as a reference system to both compare the kinetic parameters and to validate whether the methodology can be applied to other electrolytes. The Eu3+ reduction reaction was found to be quasi-reversible in these electrolytes and the calculated kinetic parameters are in line with the previously reported values.

Original languageEnglish
Article number144055
Number of pages10
JournalElectrochimica Acta
StatePublished - 20 Apr 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry

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