Method of diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) compared with other soil testing methods to predict uranium phytoavailability

Hildegarde Vandenhove, Kenny Antunes, Jean Wannijn, Lise Duquène, Yves Thiry, May Van Hees, Hans Vanmarcke

    Research outputpeer-review


    The measurement of diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) has been proposed as a surrogate for metal uptake by plants. A small-scale experiment was performed to test the predictive capacity of the DGT method with respect to uranium availability and uptake by ryegrass. Correlation analysis was performed to compare the results obtained with the DGT device with more conventional bioavailability indices: concentration of uranium in pore water or in selective extractants. Six soils with different histories of uranium contamination and with distinct soil characteristics were used for the availability tests and the uptake experiment. The four uranium bioavailability indices that we screened were highly correlated, indicating that uranium pools assessed were at least partially comparable. Uranium concentration in the pore water was a better predictor for uranium uptake by ryegrass than amount of uranium recovered following extraction with 0.11 M CH3COOH or 0.4 M MgCl2. The concentration measured with DGT concentration, CDGT, was also highly correlated with plant uptake. However, the significance level was sensitive to the value of the diffusion coefficient (pH dependent or not) used to calculate CDGT. From the results obtained,we could not conclude that the DGT method would have additional value in assessing uranium bioavailability.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationBiogeochemistry of trace elements: Environmental protection, Remediation and Human Health
    Place of PublicationBei Jing, China
    StatePublished - 7 Jul 2007
    EventBiogeochemistry of trace elements: Environmental protection, Remediation and Human Health - Bei Jing
    Duration: 15 Jul 200719 Jul 2007


    ConferenceBiogeochemistry of trace elements: Environmental protection, Remediation and Human Health
    CityBei Jing

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