Mission (im)possible: Communicating about NORM topics and stakeholder engagement

Research outputpeer-review


This paper gives an overview of different constraints related to communication about NORM, highlighting common stakeholder involvement failures in different remediation processes involving NORM. It presents case studies and solutions derived from lessons learned from NORM contamination in Europe in general and from mixed contamination (chemical and radiological) in Belgium in particular. Our purpose is to demonstrate the need to openly and transparently communicate with the public about radioactivity, to involve stakeholders in decisions related to NORM and to show that risk communication and stakeholder involvement are not only “mission possible”, but also “mission unavoidable”.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNaturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM VIII)
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of an International Symposium. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 18–21 October 2016
PublisherIAEA - International Atomic Energy Agency
Number of pages7
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018
EventEight International Symposium on Naturally Occuring Radioactive Material - Rio de Janeiro
Duration: 18 Oct 201621 Oct 2016


ConferenceEight International Symposium on Naturally Occuring Radioactive Material
Abbreviated titleNORM VIII
CityRio de Janeiro
Internet address

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