Photonic crystal fibers: new opportunities for sensing

W. Urbanczyk, T. Martynkien, M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, Francis Berghmans, H. Thienpont, Marco Van Uffelen

    Research outputpeer-review

    Abstract

    We review exceptional properties of the photonic crystal fibres enabling sensing applications of this new class of fibres. First, the sensing capabilities of highly birefringent index guided fibres are discussed. This includes dispersion characteristics of phase and group modal birefringence in different fibre structures, and sensitivity of these parameters to hydrostatic pressures and temperature. We demonstrate that index guided and photonic bandgap holey fibres of specific construction can be used as wide-band fibre-optic polarizer. We also show that combining of geometrical and stress effects makes it possible to design the holey fibres with either zero phase or group modal birefringence at virtually any given wavelength. Finally, different designs and performance of PCFs suitable for gas sensing are overviewed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings Third European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors
    Place of PublicationWashington, United States
    StatePublished - Jul 2007
    Event2007 - EWOFS: Third European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors - Napoli
    Duration: 4 Jul 20076 Jul 2007

    Conference

    Conference2007 - EWOFS: Third European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors
    Country/TerritoryItaly
    CityNapoli
    Period2007-07-042007-07-06

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