We review exceptional properties of the photonic crystal fibres enabling sensing applications of this new class of fibres. First, the sensing capabilities of highly birefringent index guided fibres are discussed. This includes dispersion characteristics of phase and group modal birefringence in different fibre structures, and sensitivity of these parameters to hydrostatic pressures and temperature. We demonstrate that index guided and photonic bandgap holey fibres of specific construction can be used as wide-band fibre-optic polarizer. We also show that combining of geometrical and stress effects makes it possible to design the holey fibres with either zero phase or group modal birefringence at virtually any given wavelength. Finally, different designs and performance of PCFs suitable for gas sensing are overviewed.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings Third European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors|
|Place of Publication||Washington, United States|
|State||Published - Jul 2007|
|Event||European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors (EWOFS) - Napoli|
Duration: 4 Jul 2007 → 6 Jul 2007
|Conference||European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors (EWOFS)|
|Period||2007-07-04 → 2007-07-06|