The application of nuclear energy and the use of radionuclides for industrial, medical and research purposes have caused significant contamination of certain sites and their environment, which could result in health problems for several centuries if nothing is undertaken to remedy these situations. Except for the close environment of the facility, where decontamination activities may be feasible and affordable, the contamination often extents over a vast area and decontamination would result in considerable amounts of waste. Therefore, more realistic yet efficient remediation options should be searched for of which phytomanagement is among the potential options.
A short survey is given of the most important site and environmental radioactive contamination problems encountered. The potential role of different phytomanagement options is discussed and illustrated with examples. The phytomanagement options considered are: phytoextraction (including rhizofiltration), alternative land uses and phytostabilisation. The radionuclides considered are the fission products 137Cs and 90Sr and the natural radionuclide uranium.
|Title of host publication||Phytoremediation of metal-contaminated sites|
|Place of Publication||Netherlands|
|State||Published - Apr 2006|
|Name||NATO Science Series|
|Number||Series IV Earth and Environmental Sciences - Vol 68|