Pitfalls in the use and interpretation of TGA and MIP techniques for Ca-leached cementitious materials

Research outputpeer-review


The study of Ca-leaching of cement-basedmaterials has necessitated the use of accelerated leaching experiments because of extremely slow leaching kinetics. The microstructural and mineralogical changes resulting from such leaching experiments are typically studied using Mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) and Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), respectively. This paper closely examines the pitfalls associated with applying these techniques to study the behaviour of leached materials. In this context, accelerated leaching experiments of cement paste samples with twowater/cement ratios (0.325 and 0.425) are used as the basis. MIP and TGA results for both leached and intact paste samples are presented in termsof pore size distribution and phase fractions (portlandite, calcium carbonate and C-S-H), respectively. Results suggest that specifically for leachedmaterials, a theoretical correction over and above that suggested by MIP manufacturer is needed to correctly interpret MIP data for original samples. However, TGA should not be used to study the leached materials subjected to accelerated leaching using ammonium nitrate solution.
Original languageEnglish
Article number108041
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalMaterials and Design
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2019

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