Point scintillator dosimetry in ultra-high dose rate electron “FLASH” radiation therapy: A first characterization

Verdi Vanreusel, Alessia Gasparini, Federica Galante, Giulia Mariani, Matteo Pacitti, Madalina Cociorb, Andrea Giammanco, Brigitte Reniers, Nathalie Reulens, Tunde Blessed Shonde, Hugo Vallet, Dirk Vandenbroucke, Marc Peeters, Paul Leblans, Biwu Ma, Giuseppe Felici, Dirk Verellen, Luana de Freitas Nascimento

Research outputpeer-review


FLASH radiation therapy is a novel technique combining ultra-high dose rates (UHDR) with very short treatment times to strongly decrease normal tissue toxicity while preserving the anti-tumoral effect. However, the radiobiological mechanisms and exact conditions for obtaining the FLASH-effect are still under investigation. There are strong indications that parameters defining the beam structure, such as dose per pulse, instantaneous dose rate and pulse repetition frequency (PRF) are of importance. UHDR irradiations therefore come with dosimetric challenges, including both dose assessment and temporal ones. In this work, a first characterization of 6 real-time point scintillating dosimeters with 5 phosphors (AlO:C,Mg; YO:Eu; AlO:C; (C38H34P)MnBr and (C38H34P)MnCl, was performed in an UHDR pulsed electron beam. The dose rate independence of the calibration was tested by calibrating the detector at conventional and UHDR. Dose rate dependence was observed, however, further investigation, including intermediate dose rates, is needed. Linearity of the response with dose was tested by varying the number of pulses and a linearity with R 0.9989 was observed up to at least 200 Gy. Dose per pulse linearity was investigated by variation of the pulse length and SSD. All point scintillators showed saturation effects up to some extent and the instantaneous dose rate dependence was confirmed. A PRF dependence was observed for the AlO:C,Mg and AlO:C- based point scintillators. This was expected as the luminescence decay time of these materials exceeds the inter-pulse time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-137
Number of pages11
JournalPhysica Medica
StatePublished - Nov 2022

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