Preclinical Evaluation of [ 11 C]YC-72-AB85 for In Vivo Visualization of Heat Shock Protein 90 in Brain and Cancer with Positron Emission Tomography

Koen Vermeulen, Romy Cools, Emmanuelle Briard, Yves Auberson, Joseph Schoepfer, Michel Koole, Christopher Cawthorne, Guy Bormans

    Research outputpeer-review


    Aberrant Hsp90 has been implied in cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. The development of a suitable Hsp90 Positron emission tomography (PET) probe can provide in vivo quantification of the expression levels of Hsp90 as a biomarker for diagnosis and follow-up of cancer and central nervous system (CNS) disease progression. In this respect, [11C]YC-72-AB85 was evaluated as an Hsp90 PET probe in B16.F10 melanoma bearing mice and its brain uptake was determined in rats and nonhuman primate. In vitro binding of [11C]YC-72-AB85 to tissue slices of mouse B16.F10 melanoma, PC3 prostate carcinoma, and rodent brain was evaluated using autoradiography. Biodistribution of [11C]YC-72-AB85 was evaluated in healthy and B16.F10 melanoma mice. In vivo brain uptake was assessed by μPET studies in rats and a rhesus monkey. In vitro binding was deemed Hsp90-specific by blocking studies with heterologous Hsp90 inhibitors onalespib and SNX-0723. Saturable Hsp90 binding was observed in brain, tumor, blood, and blood-rich organs in mice. In combined pretreatment and displacement studies, reversible and Hsp90-specific binding of [11C]YC-72-AB85 was observed in rat brain. Dynamic μPET brain scans in baseline and blocking conditions in a rhesus monkey indicated Hsp90-specific binding. [11C]YC-72-AB85 is a promising PET tracer for in vivo visualization of Hsp90 in tumor and brain. Clear differences of Hsp90 binding to blood and blood-rich organs were observed in tumor vs control mice. Further, we clearly demonstrate, for the first time, binding to a saturable Hsp90 pool in brain of rats and a rhesus monkey.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1c00508
    Pages (from-to)3915-3927
    Number of pages13
    JournalACS Chemical Neuroscience
    Issue number20
    StatePublished - 20 Oct 2021

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