Processes related to the water uptake by EUROBITUM bituminised radioactive waste: Theoretical considerations and first experimental results

Research outputpeer-review


According to the present Belgian radioactive waste management program, EUROBITUM bituminised radioactive waste will be disposed of in a geologically stable underground clay formation. The Boom Clay is studied as a potential host formation because of its low diffusion and high retention properties towards radionuclides. The presence of the radioactive waste should not disturb these properties. Due to the presence of hygroscopic salts (25 to 30 weight% NaNO 3), EUROBITUM will take up pore water which will result in a swelling and possibly in a very high swelling pressure. First scoping calculations suggest that the swelling pressure exerted to Boom Clay should remain below 7 to 8 MPa to avoid the formation of fractures. If the bitumen in EUROBITUM behaved like a perfect semi-permeable membrane and if no swelling were allowed after the dissolution of NaNO3 into a saturated solution of 10.8 M, osmotic pressures of ∼50 MPa could be attained. To better understand the interaction between the swelling EUROBITUM and the host formation, coupled hydro-chemical-mechanical constitutive laws for EUROBITUM have to be developed. To this purpose, water uptake tests under constant volume ('confined') and constant stress ('semi-confined') conditions are being performed. After ∼2 years of hydration of small inactive EUROBITUM samples in constant volume conditions, the swelling pressure has raised to ∼12 MPa. The volume of samples that can swell against counter pressures of 2.2, 3.3, or 4.4 MPa (constant stress tests) increased with ∼5 to 11 volume%, independently of the applied counter pressure. Approximately 10 weight% of the initial NaNO 3 content has been leached.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings - Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXXI
Place of PublicationWarrendale, United States
PublisherMRS - Materials Research Society
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)978-1-60511-079-0
StatePublished - 2008
EventMRS2007 Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management - Materials Research Society, Sheffield
Duration: 17 Sep 200723 Sep 2007

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0272-9172


ConferenceMRS2007 Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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