Quantification of leaching kinetics in OPC mortars via a mesoscale model

Research outputpeer-review


The problem of calcium leaching kinetics of ordinary Portland cement based mortars is revisited via a mesoscale approach. Based on state-of-the-art lattice-Boltzmann technique, a comprehensive suite of leaching analysis is undertaken to address a number of open questions such as (i) the competing effects of interface transition zone (ITZ) and aggregates, (ii) relative leaching rates of calcium between ITZ and mortar cement paste, and (iii) the influence of different water to cement ratios, volume fraction of aggregates and hence of ITZ on leaching kinetics. The mesoscale model is not only able to correctly reproduce experimentally observed trends but also confirm the commonly accepted hypothesis that ITZ and aggregates counter-balance their effect leading to similar portlandite leaching rates in cement paste and mortars. The model also confirms the applicability of simple scaling approach for upscaling leaching kinetics from pure cement paste to mortar scale under the condition that ITZ is fully percolated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)614–628
Number of pages15
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
StatePublished - 20 Aug 2018

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