Radiation and nuclear physics aspects of the use of the thorium fuel cycle in a hybrid fusion facility

A.Yu. Titarenko, S.S. Ananev, Viacheslav F. Batyaev, V.I. Belousov, V. Yu Blandinskiy, K.G. Chernov, V.D. Davidenko, A.A. Dudnikov, I.I. Dyachkov, M.V. Ioannisian, A.A. Kovalishin, V.I. Khripunov, B.V. Kuteev, V.O. Legostaev, M.R. Malkov, K. V. Pavlov, A.Yu. Titarenko, M.A. Zhigulina, V.M. Zhivun, Yu.A. KashchukS.A. Meshchaninov, S.Yu. Obudovsky, Alexey Stankovskiy, A.Yu Konobeyev

    Research outputpeer-review


    This paper presents the results of the experimental determination and computational simulation of the ambient dose equivalent rate for a metallic thorium cylindrical miniblock and the (n,2n), (n,f), and (n,γ) reaction rates in a thin 232Th metal foil irradiated with neutrons of the NG-24M generator spectrum. The ambient dose equivalent rate was determined by dosimeters-radiometers. The reaction rates were determined by the activation method using Ge spectrometers without destroying the irradiated samples. Computational simulations of ambient dose equivalent and reaction rates were performed, respectively, using the radiation transport codes PHITS, MCNP5, and KIR2, which use various nuclear data libraries: JEFF-3.2 and -3.3; JENDL4.0; ENDF/B-VII.0, -VII.1, and -VIII.0; ROSFOND; FENDL; and TENDL. The authors give an estimate of the 232U/233U relative accumulation upon natural thorium irradiation in a fusion facility blanket with defined neutron spectrum. The nonirradiated and irradiated thorium nuclide composition change simulation and visualization were performed using analytical solutions of an ordinary system of homogeneous linear differential equations describing nuclide transmutations.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number212525
    Pages (from-to)117-134
    Number of pages19
    JournalFusion Science and Technology
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - 27 Jan 2023

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