Iodine Deficiency (ID) and Ionizing Radiation (IR) are known risk factors for thyroid cancer, however there is little knowledge on their combined effects on thyroid cells especially when considering low radiation doses. To investigate their combined effects, a normal thyroid cells were subjected to low, intermediate and high doses of radiation under iodine sufficient or deficient condition, and different endpoints were investigated: Apoptosis/cell death, ROS production, DNA damage and precancerous proteins expression. The co-treatment induced apoptosis only at high dose of radiation. After co-treatment, activation of markers of apoptosis (active caspase 3), cell survival (NF-κB p65 and pIKKa), cell growth (STAT-3) and cell cycle regulator (Cyclin-D1) were only observed at the highest dose of radiation. In addition, the co-treatment increased ROS production in a dose dependent manner and induced DNA damage starting from 0.1 Gy. These data suggest that thyroid cells are relatively resistant to apoptosis, and show little DNA damage as induced by the co-treatment even when the latter involves intermediate or high doses of radiation. It should be noted that the majority of the cells remained alive after the co-treatment and this population may bear chromosomal aberrations of cancer related genes which may promote their malignant transformation.
|Place of Publication
|Published - 9 Jun 2015