Real-time fibre optic radiation dosimeters for nuclear environment monitoring around thermonuclear reactors

Alberto Fernandez Fernandez, Benoît Brichard, S. O'Keeffe, Colin Fitzpatrick, Elfed Lewis, J. R. Vaille, L. Dusseau, D. A. Jackson, F. Ravotti, M. Glaser, H. El-Rabii

    Research outputpeer-review


    The ability of fibre optic sensors to operate in hazardous nuclear environments and their intrinsic immunity to electro-magnetic interference make fibre optic sensing a very promising technology for the future ITER thermonuclear fusion reactor. In this paper, we evaluate fibre optic sensing technology for monitoring radiation dose in the vicinity of ITER during its operation and during the maintenance periods. First, the performance of an OSL dosimeter interrogated remotely using radiation tolerant optical fibres is evaluated both for real-time and integrating measurements for doses exceeding 100 Gy. We demonstrate its satisfactory operation in a mixed gamma neutron field. Second, we discuss the successful calibration of a new scintillating fibre optic radiation probe based on CsI(TI) crystals for operation in the dose-rate range 0.3-3000 mGy/h. The CsI(TI) crystal scintillator is mounted at the end of a 10-m long multimode fibre transceiver link to allow for remote deployment. The probes can detect and measure gamma dose rates ranging from 1 to 1000 mGy/h. Finally, we investigate the possible use of commercially available PMMA plastic optical fibres as on-line dosimeters up to 34 kGy. The dose measurement is derived from the radiation-induced attenuation in the optical fibre itself. A novel interrogation scheme based on a ratiometric technique is proposed for real-time dosimetry.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)50-59
    Number of pages10
    Journalfusion engineering and design
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Jan 2008

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Civil and Structural Engineering
    • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
    • General Materials Science
    • Mechanical Engineering

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