Gamma radiation can induce DNA damage in all organisms. However, highly regenerative organisms such as the duckweed Lemna minor and the planarian Schmidtea mediterranea, have high developmental plasticity because of their meristem and stem cells respectively, thereby enabling recovery. To determine the cellular mechanisms underlying recovery in these organisms exposed to genotoxic gamma radiation, DNA repair activity, and levels of mitosis and apoptosis were studied. Both organisms were exposed to gamma radiation for one week, followed by a seven-day recovery with sampling at day 0, 3 and 7. The applied dose rates were 68, 116 and 153 mGy/h for duckweed and 18, 29 and 83 mGy/h for planarians. First, the recovery capacity was determined by evaluating growth characteristics of duckweed and amputated planarians. Subsequently, DNA repair activity and apoptosis were analyzed at the transcriptional level via qPCR. The mitotic activity of the planarian stem cells was measured via anti-phospho-histone H3 immunostaining. Growth analyses in both organisms showed that recovery initiated earlier for lower exposure levels. DNA repair and apoptosis levels both increased before the recovery initiated in L. minor, while these analyses did not demonstrate a dose-dependent relation with the growth in S. mediterranea. However, before regeneration of the planarians was initiated, their mitotic activity increased. These results suggest that active DNA repair and apoptosis in L. minor and increased mitosis in S. mediterranea precede the onset of recovery. Further research will need to investigate the involved signaling pathways and their universality throughout species.
|Date of Award||24 Jun 2021|
|State||Published - 24 Jun 2021|