Purpose: A European network was initiated in 2012 by 23 partners from 16 European countries with
the aim to significantly increase individualized dose reconstruction in case of large-scale radiological
Results: The network was built on three complementary pillars: (1) an operational basis with seven
biological and physical dosimetric assays in ready-to-use mode, (2) a basis for education, training and
quality assurance, and (3) a basis for further network development regarding new techniques and
members. Techniques for individual dose estimation based on biological samples and/or inert personalized
devices as mobile phones or smart phones were optimized to support rapid categorization of
many potential victims according to the received dose to the blood or personal devices.
Communication and cross-border collaboration were also standardized. To assure long-term sustainability
of the network, cooperation with national and international emergency preparedness organizations
was initiated and links to radiation protection and research platforms have been developed. A legal
framework, based on a Memorandum of Understanding, was established and signed by 27 organizations
by the end of 2015.
Conclusions: RENEB is a European Network of biological and physical-retrospective dosimetry, with the
capacity and capability to perform large-scale rapid individualized dose estimation. Specialized to handle
large numbers of samples, RENEB is able to contribute to radiological emergency preparedness
and wider large-scale research projects.