For performance assessment analysis of a high-level waste and spent fuel disposal in a geological formation, retention data are needed. In most cases, retention data are derived from batch sorption experiments on dispersed systems but the applicability of these data for the real compacted state is still a point of debate. Cesium retention onto Boom Clay was measured by batch sorption tests on dispersed systems and by diffusion experiments on intact clay cores and the sorption parameters obtained from both methods were compared. In a dispersed system, the concentration dependent uptake of cesium onto Boom Clay is described using the generalised 3-sites cation-exchange model for illite developed by Bradbury and Baeyens. In the compacted state, diffusion experiments resulted in reproducible and robust values for the apparent diffusion coefficient. The determination of retardation factors suffered from a large uncertainty making a good comparison troublesome. A chemical coupled transport simulation for the Cs migration in Boom Clay based on the ion exchange model suggests that only part of the sorption sites are accessible in the compact clay. As illustrated for Cs retention in Boom Clay, conversion of batch sorption data to compacted systems can not be applied in a straightforward way.
|Journal||Physics and Chemistry of the Earth|
|Issue number||Supplement 1|
|State||Published - Nov 2008|
|Event||Clays in natural and engineered barriers for radioactive waste confinement - ANDRA, Lille|
Duration: 17 Sep 2007 → 20 Sep 2007